QuickOPC User's Guide and Reference
SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems Method (IEasyUAClient)
Example 



OpcLabs.EasyOpcUA Assembly > OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA Namespace > IEasyUAClient Interface : SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems Method
Array of OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel.EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments. Array of argument objects specifying what and how to subscribe.
Subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items. The EasyUAClient.DataChangeNotification or EasyUAClient.EventNotification event is generated for each significant monitored item change.
Syntax
'Declaration
 
<NotNullAttribute()>
Function SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems( _
   ByVal monitoredItemArgumentsArray() As EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments _
) As Integer()
'Usage
 
Dim instance As IEasyUAClient
Dim monitoredItemArgumentsArray() As EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments
Dim value() As Integer
 
value = instance.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(monitoredItemArgumentsArray)
[NotNull()]
int[] SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems( 
   EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments[] monitoredItemArgumentsArray
)
[NotNull()]
array<int>^ SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems( 
   array<EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments^>^ monitoredItemArgumentsArray
) 

Parameters

monitoredItemArgumentsArray
Array of OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel.EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments. Array of argument objects specifying what and how to subscribe.

Return Value

Array of System.Int32. The function returns an array of integer handle. Each handle uniquely identifies the monitored item subscription. The indices of elements in the output array are the same as those in the input array, monitoredItemArgumentsArray.
Exceptions
ExceptionDescription
A null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) is passed to a method that does not accept it as a valid argument.
Remarks

 

This method operates (at least in part) asynchronously, with respect to the caller. The actual execution of the operation may be delayed, and the outcome of the operation (if any) is provided to the calling code using an event notification, callback, or other means explained in the text. In a properly written program, this method does not throw any exceptions. You should therefore not put try/catch statements or similar constructs around calls to this method. The only exceptions thrown by this method are for usage errors, i.e. when your code violates the usage contract of the method, such as passing in invalid arguments or calling the method when the state of the object does not allow it. Any operation-related errors (i.e. errors that depend on external conditions that your code cannot reliably check) are indicated by the means the operation returns its outcome (if any), which is described in the text. For more information, see Do not catch any exceptions with asynchronous or multiple-operation methods.
Example
// This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items and display the value of the monitored item with 
// each change.

using System;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel;

namespace UADocExamples._EasyUAClient
{
    partial class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
    {
        public static void Main1()
        {
            UAEndpointDescriptor endpointDescriptor =
                "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer";
            // or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
            // or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"

            // Instantiate the client object and hook events.
            var client = new EasyUAClient();
            client.DataChangeNotification += client_DataChangeNotification_Main1;

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...");
            client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(new[]
                {
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845", 1000),
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853", 1000),
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855", 1000)
                });

            Console.WriteLine("Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds...");
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(10 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...");
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems();

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...");
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Finished.");
        }

        static void client_DataChangeNotification_Main1(object sender, EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs e)
        {
            // Display value.
            if (e.Succeeded)
                Console.WriteLine($"{e.Arguments.NodeDescriptor}: {e.AttributeData.Value}");
            else
                Console.WriteLine($"{e.Arguments.NodeDescriptor} *** Failure: {e.ErrorMessageBrief}");
        }
    }
}
# This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items and display the value of the monitored item with 
# each change.

#requires -Version 5.1
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel

# The path below assumes that the current directory is [ProductDir]/Examples-NET/PowerShell/Windows .
Add-Type -Path "../../../Assemblies/net47/OpcLabs.EasyOpcUA.dll"

[UAEndpointDescriptor]$endpointDescriptor =
    "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer"
# or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
# or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"

# Instantiate the client object.
$client = New-Object EasyUAClient

# Data change notification handler
Register-ObjectEvent -InputObject $client -EventName DataChangeNotification -Action { 
    # Display value.
    if ($EventArgs.Succeeded) {
        Write-Host "$($EventArgs.Arguments.NodeDescriptor): $($EventArgs.AttributeData.Value)"
    }
    else {
        Write-Host "$($EventArgs.Arguments.NodeDescriptor) *** Failure: $($EventArgs.ErrorMessageBrief)"
    }
}

Write-Host "Subscribing..."
$handleArray = $client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(@(
    (New-Object UAMonitoredItemArguments(
        (New-Object UAAttributeArguments($endpointDescriptor, [UANodeDescriptor]"nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845")), 
        1000)),
    (New-Object UAMonitoredItemArguments(
        (New-Object UAAttributeArguments($endpointDescriptor, [UANodeDescriptor]"nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853")), 
        1000)),
    (New-Object UAMonitoredItemArguments(
        (New-Object UAAttributeArguments($endpointDescriptor, [UANodeDescriptor]"nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855")),
        1000))
    ))

Write-Host
Write-Host "Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds..."
$stopwatch =  [System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch]::StartNew() 
while ($stopwatch.Elapsed.TotalSeconds -lt 10) {    
    Start-Sleep -Seconds 1
}

Write-Host "Unsubscribing..."
$client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems()

Write-Host "Waiting for 5 seconds..."
Start-Sleep -Seconds 5

Write-Host "Finished."
' This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items and display the value of the monitored item with 
' each change.

Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel

Namespace UADocExamples._EasyUAClient
    Partial Friend Class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
        Public Shared Sub Main1()

            ' Define which server we will work with.
            Dim endpointDescriptor As UAEndpointDescriptor =
                    "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer"
            ' or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
            ' or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"

            ' Instantiate the client object and hook events
            Dim client = New EasyUAClient()
            AddHandler client.DataChangeNotification, AddressOf client_DataChangeNotification

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...")
            client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments() _
                { _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845", 1000), _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853", 1000), _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855", 1000) _
                } _
             )

            Console.WriteLine("Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(10 * 1000)

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...")
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems()

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000)
        End Sub

        Private Shared Sub client_DataChangeNotification(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs)
            ' Display value
            If e.Succeeded Then
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", e.Arguments.NodeDescriptor, e.AttributeData.Value)
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("{0} *** Failure: {1}", e.Arguments.NodeDescriptor, e.ErrorMessageBrief)
            End If
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace
// This example shows how to subscribe to multiple events.

using System;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.Standard;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AlarmsAndConditions;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel;

namespace UADocExamples.AlarmsAndConditions
{
    class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
    {
        public static void Events()
        {
            // Define which server we will work with.
            UAEndpointDescriptor endpointDescriptor =
                "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:62544/Quickstarts/AlarmConditionServer";

            // Instantiate the client object and hook events.
            var client = new EasyUAClient();
            client.EventNotification += client_EventNotification;

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...");
            client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(new[]
                {
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments("firstState", 
                        endpointDescriptor, 
                        UAObjectIds.Server,
                        new UAMonitoringParameters(1000, new UAEventFilterBuilder(
                            UAFilterElements.GreaterThanOrEqual(UABaseEventObject.Operands.Severity, 500),
                            UABaseEventObject.AllFields)))
                        { AttributeId = UAAttributeId.EventNotifier },
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments("secondState",
                        endpointDescriptor, 
                        UAObjectIds.Server,
                        new UAMonitoringParameters(2000, new UAEventFilterBuilder(
                            UAFilterElements.Equals(
                                UABaseEventObject.Operands.SourceNode, 
                                new UANodeId("nsu=http://opcfoundation.org/Quickstarts/AlarmCondition ;ns=2;s=1:Metals/SouthMotor")),
                            UABaseEventObject.AllFields)))
                        { AttributeId = UAAttributeId.EventNotifier }
                });

            Console.WriteLine("Processing event notifications for 30 seconds...");
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(30 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...");
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems();

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...");
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Finished.");
        }

        static void client_EventNotification(object sender, EasyUAEventNotificationEventArgs e)
        {
            // Display the event
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        

        // Example output (truncated):
        //Subscribing...
        //Processing monitored item changed events for 30 seconds...
        //[firstState] Success
        //[secondState] Success
        //[firstState] Success; Refresh; RefreshInitiated
        //[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:13 PM
        //[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:17 PM
        //[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [NorthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:02 PM
        //[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [NorthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:16 PM
        //[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 700! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:21 PM
        //[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:03 PM
        //[firstState] Success; Refresh; RefreshComplete
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:08 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:08 PM
        //[secondState] Success; Refresh; RefreshInitiated
        //[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The dialog was activated" @9/10/2019 8:08:25 PM
        //[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm is active." @11/8/2019 7:48:07 PM
        //[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 700! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:21 PM
        //[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:03 PM
        //[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm severity has increased." @9/10/2019 8:09:02 PM
        //[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm severity has increased." @9/10/2019 8:09:59 PM
        //[secondState] Success; Refresh; RefreshComplete
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:09 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:09 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:10 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:10 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:11 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:11 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:12 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:12 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm severity has increased." @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:14 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:14 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:15 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:15 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:16 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:16 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:17 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:17 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
        //[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
        //[secondState] Success; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 300! "The alarm severity has increased." @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
        //...
    }
}
# This example shows how to subscribe to multiple events.

#requires -Version 5.1
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.Standard
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AlarmsAndConditions
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel

# The path below assumes that the current directory is [ProductDir]/Examples-NET/PowerShell/Windows .
Add-Type -Path "../../../Assemblies/net47/OpcLabs.EasyOpcUA.dll"

# Define which server we will work with.
[UAEndpointDescriptor]$endpointDescriptor = "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:62544/Quickstarts/AlarmConditionServer"

# Instantiate the client object.
$client = New-Object EasyUAClient

# Event notification handler
Register-ObjectEvent -InputObject $client -EventName EventNotification -Action { 
    # Display the event.
    Write-Host $EventArgs
}

Write-Host "Subscribing..."
$client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(@(
        (New-Object EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments("firstState",
            $endpointDescriptor, 
            [UAObjectIds]::Server,
            (New-Object UAMonitoringParameters(1000, [UAEventFilter](New-Object UAEventFilterBuilder(
                [UAFilterElements]::GreaterThanOrEqual([UABaseEventObject+Operands]::Severity, 500),
                [UABaseEventObject]::AllFields))))) `
            -Property @{ AttributeId = [UAAttributeId]::EventNotifier }),
        (New-Object EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments("secondState",
            $endpointDescriptor, 
            [UAObjectIds]::Server,
            (New-Object UAMonitoringParameters(2000, [UAEventFilter](New-Object UAEventFilterBuilder(
                [UAFilterElements]::Equals(
                    [UABaseEventObject+Operands]::SourceNode, 
                    (New-Object UANodeId("nsu=http://opcfoundation.org/Quickstarts/AlarmCondition ;ns=2;s=1:Metals/SouthMotor"))),
                [UABaseEventObject]::AllFields))))) `
            -Property @{ AttributeId = [UAAttributeId]::EventNotifier })
    ))

Write-Host "Processing event notifications for 30 seconds..."
$stopwatch =  [System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch]::StartNew() 
while ($stopwatch.Elapsed.TotalSeconds -lt 30) {    
    Start-Sleep -Seconds 1
}

Write-Host "Unsubscribing..."
$client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems()

Write-Host "Waiting for 5 seconds..."
Start-Sleep -Seconds 5

Write-Host "Finished."
      

# Example output (truncated):
#Subscribing...
#Processing monitored item changed events for 30 seconds...
#[firstState] Success
#[secondState] Success
#[firstState] Success; Refresh; RefreshInitiated
#[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:13 PM
#[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:17 PM
#[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [NorthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:02 PM
#[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [NorthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:16 PM
#[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 700! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:21 PM
#[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:03 PM
#[firstState] Success; Refresh; RefreshComplete
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:08 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:08 PM
#[secondState] Success; Refresh; RefreshInitiated
#[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The dialog was activated" @9/10/2019 8:08:25 PM
#[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm is active." @11/8/2019 7:48:07 PM
#[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 700! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:21 PM
#[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:03 PM
#[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm severity has increased." @9/10/2019 8:09:02 PM
#[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm severity has increased." @9/10/2019 8:09:59 PM
#[secondState] Success; Refresh; RefreshComplete
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:09 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:09 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:10 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:10 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:11 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:11 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:12 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:12 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm severity has increased." @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:14 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:14 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:15 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:15 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:16 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:16 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:17 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:17 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
#[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
#[secondState] Success; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 300! "The alarm severity has increased." @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
#...
// This example shows how to subscribe to multiple events.

type
  THelperMethods19 = class
    class function ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType: _UANodeId; static;
    class function UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(TypeId: _UANodeId; simpleRelativeBrowsePathString: string): _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_NodeId: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventId: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventType: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceName: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Time: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_ReceiveTime: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_LocalTime: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Message: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity: _UASimpleAttributeOperand; static;
    class function UABaseEventObject_AllFields: _UAAttributeFieldCollection; static;
  end;

type
  TClientEventHandlers19 = class
    procedure Client_EventNotification(
      ASender: TObject;
      sender: OleVariant;
      const eventArgs: _EasyUAEventNotificationEventArgs);
  end;

procedure TClientEventHandlers19.Client_EventNotification(
  ASender: TObject;
  sender: OleVariant;
  const eventArgs: _EasyUAEventNotificationEventArgs);
begin
  // Display the event
    WriteLn(eventArgs.ToString);
end;


class procedure SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems.Events;
var
  Arguments: OleVariant;
  Client: TEasyUAClient;
  ClientEventHandlers: TClientEventHandlers19;
  EndpointDescriptor: string;
  EventFilter1, EventFilter2: _UAEventFilter;
  MonitoredItemArguments1, MonitoredItemArguments2: _EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments;
  MonitoringParameters1, MonitoringParameters2: _UAMonitoringParameters;
  Operand11, Operand21: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
  Operand12, Operand22: _UALiteralOperand;
  ServerNodeId1, ServerNodeId2: _UANodeId;
  SourceNodeId: _UANodeId;
  WhereClause1, WhereClause2: _UAContentFilterElement;
begin
  EndpointDescriptor := 'opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:62544/Quickstarts/AlarmConditionServer';

  // set MonitoredItemArguments1
  // Event filter: The severity is >= 500.
  Operand11 := THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity;
  Operand12 := CoUALiteralOperand.Create;
  Operand12.Value := 500;
  WhereClause1 := CoUAContentFilterElement.Create;
  WhereClause1.FilterOperator := UAFilterOperator_GreaterThanOrEqual;
  WhereClause1.FilterOperands.Add(Operand11);
  WhereClause1.FilterOperands.Add(Operand12);

  EventFilter1 := CoUAEventFilter.Create;
  EventFilter1.SelectClauses := THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_AllFields;
  EventFilter1.WhereClause := WhereClause1;

  ServerNodeId1 := CoUANodeId.Create;
  ServerNodeId1.StandardName := 'Server';

  MonitoringParameters1 := CoUAMonitoringParameters.Create;
  MonitoringParameters1.EventFilter := EventFilter1;
  MonitoringParameters1.QueueSize := 1000;
  MonitoringParameters1.SamplingInterval := 1000;

  MonitoredItemArguments1 := CoEasyUAMonitoredItemArguments.Create;
  MonitoredItemArguments1.AttributeId := UAAttributeId_EventNotifier;
  MonitoredItemArguments1.EndpointDescriptor.UrlString := EndpointDescriptor;
  MonitoredItemArguments1.MonitoringParameters := MonitoringParameters1;
  MonitoredItemArguments1.NodeDescriptor.NodeId := ServerNodeId1;
  MonitoredItemArguments1.State := 'firstState';

  // set MonitoredItemArguments2
  // Event filter: The event comes from a specified source node.
  Operand21 := THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode;
  SourceNodeId := CoUANodeId.Create;
  SourceNodeId.ExpandedText := 'nsu=http://opcfoundation.org/Quickstarts/AlarmCondition ;ns=2;s=1:Metals/SouthMotor';
  Operand22 := CoUALiteralOperand.Create;
  Operand22.Value := SourceNodeId;
  WhereClause2 := CoUAContentFilterElement.Create;
  WhereClause2.FilterOperator := UAFilterOperator_Equals;
  WhereClause2.FilterOperands.Add(Operand21);
  WhereClause2.FilterOperands.Add(Operand22);

  EventFilter2 := CoUAEventFilter.Create;
  EventFilter2.SelectClauses := THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_AllFields;
  EventFilter2.WhereClause := WhereClause2;

  ServerNodeId2 := CoUANodeId.Create;
  ServerNodeId2.StandardName := 'Server';

  MonitoringParameters2 := CoUAMonitoringParameters.Create;
  MonitoringParameters2.EventFilter := EventFilter2;
  MonitoringParameters2.QueueSize := 1000;
  MonitoringParameters2.SamplingInterval := 2000;

  MonitoredItemArguments2 := CoEasyUAMonitoredItemArguments.Create;
  MonitoredItemArguments2.AttributeId := UAAttributeId_EventNotifier;
  MonitoredItemArguments2.EndpointDescriptor.UrlString := EndpointDescriptor;
  MonitoredItemArguments2.MonitoringParameters := MonitoringParameters2;
  MonitoredItemArguments2.NodeDescriptor.NodeId := ServerNodeId2;
  MonitoredItemArguments2.State := 'secondState';


  // Instantiate the client object and hook events
  Client := TEasyUAClient.Create(nil);
  ClientEventHandlers := TClientEventHandlers19.Create;
  Client.OnEventNotification := ClientEventHandlers.Client_EventNotification;

  Arguments := VarArrayCreate([0, 1], varVariant);
  Arguments[0] := MonitoredItemArguments1;
  Arguments[1] := MonitoredItemArguments2;

  WriteLn('Subscribing...');
  Client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(Arguments);

  WriteLn('Processing monitored item changed events for 30 seconds...');
  PumpSleep(30*1000);

  WriteLn('Unsubscribing...');
  Client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems;

  WriteLn('Waiting for 5 seconds...');
  Sleep(5*1000);

  WriteLn('Finished.');
  VarClear(Arguments);
  FreeAndNil(Client);
  FreeAndNil(ClientEventHandlers);
end;

class function THelperMethods19.ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType: _UANodeId;
  var NodeId: _UANodeId;
  begin
    NodeId := CoUANodeId.Create;
    NodeId.StandardName := 'BaseEventType';
    Result := NodeId;
  end;

class function THelperMethods19.UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(TypeId: _UANodeId; simpleRelativeBrowsePathString: string): _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
var
  BrowsePathParser: _UABrowsePathParser;
  Operand: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  BrowsePathParser := CoUABrowsePathParser.Create;
  Operand := CoUASimpleAttributeOperand.Create;
  Operand.TypeId.NodeId := TypeId;
  Operand.QualifiedNames := BrowsePathParser.ParseRelative(simpleRelativeBrowsePathString).ToUAQualifiedNameCollection;
  Result := Operand;
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_NodeId: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
var
  Operand: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Operand := CoUASimpleAttributeOperand.Create;
  Operand.TypeId.NodeId.StandardName := 'BaseEventType';
  Operand.AttributeId := UAAttributeId_NodeId;
  Result := Operand;
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventId: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/EventId');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventType: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/EventType');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/SourceNode');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceName: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/SourceName');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_Time: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/Time');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_ReceiveTime: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/ReceiveTime');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_LocalTime: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/LocalTime');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_Message: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/Message');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity: _UASimpleAttributeOperand;
begin
  Result := UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, '/Severity');
end;

class function THelperMethods19.UABaseEventObject_AllFields: _UAAttributeFieldCollection;
var
  Fields: _UAAttributeFieldCollection;
begin
  Fields := CoUAAttributeFieldCollection.Create;
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_NodeId.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventId.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventType.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceName.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_Time.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_ReceiveTime.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_LocalTime.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_Message.ToUAAttributeField);
  Fields.Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity.ToUAAttributeField);

  Result := Fields;
end;
// This example shows how to subscribe to multiple events.

const UAAttributeId_NodeId = 1;
const UAAttributeId_EventNotifier = 12;

const UAFilterOperator_Equals = 1;
const UAFilterOperator_GreaterThanOrEqual = 5;

class ClientEvents {
    function EventNotification($Sender, $E)
    {
        // Display the event
        printf("%s\n", $E);
    }
}

$EndpointDescriptor = "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:62544/Quickstarts/AlarmConditionServer";

// set MonitoredItemArguments1
// Event filter: The severity is >= 500.
$Operand11 = UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity();
$Operand12 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UALiteralOperand");
$Operand12->Value = 500;
$WhereClause1 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UAContentFilterElement");
$WhereClause1->FilterOperator = UAFilterOperator_GreaterThanOrEqual;
$WhereClause1->FilterOperands->Add($Operand11);
$WhereClause1->FilterOperands->Add($Operand12);

$EventFilter1 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAEventFilter");
$EventFilter1->SelectClauses = UABaseEventObject_AllFields();
$EventFilter1->WhereClause = $WhereClause1;

$ServerNodeId1 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.UANodeId");
$ServerNodeId1->StandardName = "Server";

$MonitoringParameters1 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAMonitoringParameters");
$MonitoringParameters1->EventFilter = $EventFilter1;
$MonitoringParameters1->QueueSize = 1000;
$MonitoringParameters1->SamplingInterval = 1000;

$MonitoredItemArguments1 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel.EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments");
$MonitoredItemArguments1->AttributeId = UAAttributeId_EventNotifier;
$MonitoredItemArguments1->EndpointDescriptor->UrlString = $EndpointDescriptor;
$MonitoredItemArguments1->MonitoringParameters = $MonitoringParameters1;
$MonitoredItemArguments1->NodeDescriptor->NodeId = $ServerNodeId1;
$MonitoredItemArguments1->State = "firstState";

// set MonitoredItemArguments2
// Event filter: The event comes from a specified source node.
$Operand21 = UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode();
$SourceNodeId = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.UANodeId");
$SourceNodeId->ExpandedText = "nsu=http://opcfoundation.org/Quickstarts/AlarmCondition ;ns=2;s=1:Metals/SouthMotor";
$Operand22 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UALiteralOperand");
$Operand22->Value = $SourceNodeId;
$WhereClause2 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UAContentFilterElement");
$WhereClause2->FilterOperator = UAFilterOperator_Equals;
$WhereClause2->FilterOperands->Add($Operand21);
$WhereClause2->FilterOperands->Add($Operand22);

$EventFilter2 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAEventFilter");
$EventFilter2->SelectClauses = UABaseEventObject_AllFields();
$EventFilter2->WhereClause = $WhereClause2;

$ServerNodeId2 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.UANodeId");
$ServerNodeId2->StandardName = "Server";

$MonitoringParameters2 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAMonitoringParameters");
$MonitoringParameters2->EventFilter = $EventFilter2;
$MonitoringParameters2->QueueSize = 1000;
$MonitoringParameters2->SamplingInterval = 2000;

$MonitoredItemArguments2 = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel.EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments");
$MonitoredItemArguments2->AttributeId = UAAttributeId_EventNotifier;
$MonitoredItemArguments2->EndpointDescriptor->UrlString = $EndpointDescriptor;
$MonitoredItemArguments2->MonitoringParameters = $MonitoringParameters2;
$MonitoredItemArguments2->NodeDescriptor->NodeId = $ServerNodeId2;
$MonitoredItemArguments2->State = "secondState";

// Instantiate the client object and hook events
$Client = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.EasyUAClient");
$ClientEvents = new ClientEvents();
com_event_sink($Client, $ClientEvents, "DEasyUAClientEvents");

$arguments[0] = $MonitoredItemArguments1;
$arguments[1] = $MonitoredItemArguments2;

printf("Subscribing...\n");
$Client->SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems($arguments);

printf("Processing monitored item changed events for 30 seconds...\n");
$startTime = time(); do { com_message_pump(1000); } while (time() < $startTime + 30);

printf("Unsubscribing...\n");
$Client->UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems;

printf("Waiting for 5 seconds...\n");
$startTime = time(); do { com_message_pump(1000); } while (time() < $startTime + 5);


function ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType() {
    $NodeId = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.UANodeId");
    $NodeId->StandardName = "BaseEventType";
    return $NodeId;
}

function UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute($TypeId, $simpleRelativeBrowsePathString) {
  $BrowsePathParser = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Navigation.Parsing.UABrowsePathParser");
  $Operand = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UASimpleAttributeOperand");
  $Operand->TypeId->NodeId = $TypeId;
  $Operand->QualifiedNames = $BrowsePathParser->ParseRelative($simpleRelativeBrowsePathString)->ToUAQualifiedNameCollection;
  return $Operand;
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_NodeId() {
    $Operand = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UASimpleAttributeOperand");
    $Operand->TypeId->NodeId->StandardName = "BaseEventType";
    $Operand->AttributeId = UAAttributeId_NodeId;
    return $Operand;
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventId() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/EventId");
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventType() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/EventType");
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/SourceNode");
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceName() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/SourceName");
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Time() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/Time");
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_ReceiveTime() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/ReceiveTime");
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_LocalTime() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/LocalTime");
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Message() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/Message");
}

function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity() {
  return UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType(), "/Severity");
}


function UABaseEventObject_AllFields() {
    $Fields = new COM("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAAttributeFieldCollection");
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_NodeId()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventId()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventType()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceName()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_Time()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_ReceiveTime()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_LocalTime()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_Message()->ToUAAttributeField);
    $Fields->Add(UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity()->ToUAAttributeField);

    return $Fields;
}

// Example output (truncated):
//Subscribing...
//Processing monitored item changed events for 30 seconds...
//[firstState] Success
//[secondState] Success
//[firstState] Success; Refresh; RefreshInitiated
//[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:13 PM
//[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:17 PM
//[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [NorthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:02 PM
//[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [NorthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:16 PM
//[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 700! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:21 PM
//[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:03 PM
//[firstState] Success; Refresh; RefreshComplete
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:08 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:08 PM
//[secondState] Success; Refresh; RefreshInitiated
//[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The dialog was activated" @9/10/2019 8:08:25 PM
//[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm is active." @11/8/2019 7:48:07 PM
//[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 700! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:21 PM
//[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:03 PM
//[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm severity has increased." @9/10/2019 8:09:02 PM
//[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm severity has increased." @9/10/2019 8:09:59 PM
//[secondState] Success; Refresh; RefreshComplete
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:09 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:09 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:10 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:10 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:11 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:11 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:12 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:12 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm severity has increased." @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:14 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:14 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:15 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:15 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:16 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:16 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:17 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:17 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
//[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
//[secondState] Success; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 300! "The alarm severity has increased." @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
//...

' This example shows how to subscribe to multiple events.

Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.Standard
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AlarmsAndConditions
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel

Namespace UADocExamples.AlarmsAndConditions
    Partial Friend Class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
        Public Shared Sub Events()

            ' Instantiate the client object and hook events
            Dim client = New EasyUAClient()
            AddHandler client.EventNotification, AddressOf client_EventNotification

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...")

            client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments() _
                { _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments("firstState", _
                        "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:62544/Quickstarts/AlarmConditionServer", _
                        UAObjectIds.Server, _
                        New UAMonitoringParameters(1000, New UAEventFilterBuilder( _
                            UAFilterElements.GreaterThanOrEqual(UABaseEventObject.Operands.Severity, 500), _
                            UABaseEventObject.AllFields))) _
                        With {.AttributeId = UAAttributeId.EventNotifier}, _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments("secondState", _
                        "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:62544/Quickstarts/AlarmConditionServer", _
                        UAObjectIds.Server, _
                        New UAMonitoringParameters(2000, New UAEventFilterBuilder( _
                            UAFilterElements.Equals( _
                                UABaseEventObject.Operands.SourceNode, _
                                New UANodeId("nsu=http://opcfoundation.org/Quickstarts/AlarmCondition ;ns=2;s=1:Metals/SouthMotor")), _
                            UABaseEventObject.AllFields))) _
                        With {.AttributeId = UAAttributeId.EventNotifier} _
                } _
             )

            Console.WriteLine("Processing event notifications for 30 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(30 * 1000)

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...")
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems()

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000)
        End Sub

        Private Shared Sub client_EventNotification(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EasyUAEventNotificationEventArgs)
            ' Display the event
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace
Rem This example shows how to subscribe to multiple events.

Option Explicit

Const UAAttributeId_NodeId = 1
Const UAAttributeId_EventNotifier = 12

Const UAFilterOperator_Equals = 1
Const UAFilterOperator_GreaterThanOrEqual = 5

Dim endpointDescriptor
endpointDescriptor = "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:62544/Quickstarts/AlarmConditionServer"

' Instantiate the client object and hook events
Dim Client: Set Client = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.EasyUAClient")
WScript.ConnectObject Client, "Client_"

Dim arguments(1)
Set arguments(0) = CreateMonitoredItemArguments1
Set arguments(1) = CreateMonitoredItemArguments2

WScript.Echo "Subscribing..."
Client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems arguments

WScript.Echo "Processing monitored item changed events for 30 seconds..."
WScript.Sleep 30 * 1000

WScript.Echo "Unsubscribing..."
Client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems

WScript.Echo "Waiting for 5 seconds..."
WScript.Sleep 5 * 1000



Function ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType
    Dim NodeId: Set NodeId = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.UANodeId")
    NodeId.StandardName = "BaseEventType"
    Set ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType = NodeId
End Function

Function UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(TypeId, simpleRelativeBrowsePathString)
    Dim BrowsePathParser: Set BrowsePathParser = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Navigation.Parsing.UABrowsePathParser")
    Dim Operand: Set Operand = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UASimpleAttributeOperand")
    Set Operand.TypeId.NodeId = TypeId
    Set Operand.QualifiedNames = BrowsePathParser.ParseRelative(simpleRelativeBrowsePathString).ToUAQualifiedNameCollection
    Set UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute = Operand
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_NodeId
    Dim Operand: Set Operand = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UASimpleAttributeOperand")
    Operand.TypeId.NodeId.StandardName = "BaseEventType"
    Operand.AttributeId = UAAttributeId_NodeId
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_NodeId = Operand
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventId
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventId = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/EventId")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventType
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventType = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/EventType")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/SourceNode")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceName
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceName = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/SourceName")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Time
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_Time = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/Time")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_ReceiveTime
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_ReceiveTime = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/ReceiveTime")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_LocalTime
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_LocalTime = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/LocalTime")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Message
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_Message = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/Message")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity
    Set UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity = UAFilterElements_SimpleAttribute(ObjectTypeIds_BaseEventType, "/Severity")
End Function

Function UABaseEventObject_AllFields
    Dim Fields: Set Fields = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAAttributeFieldCollection")

    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_NodeId.ToUAAttributeField

    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventId.ToUAAttributeField
    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_EventType.ToUAAttributeField
    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode.ToUAAttributeField
    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceName.ToUAAttributeField
    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_Time.ToUAAttributeField
    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_ReceiveTime.ToUAAttributeField
    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_LocalTime.ToUAAttributeField
    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_Message.ToUAAttributeField
    Fields.Add UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity.ToUAAttributeField

    Set UABaseEventObject_AllFields = Fields
End Function

Function CreateMonitoredItemArguments1
    ' Event filter: The severity is >= 500.
    Dim Operand1: Set Operand1 = UABaseEventObject_Operands_Severity
    Dim Operand2: Set Operand2 = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UALiteralOperand")
    Operand2.Value = 500
    Dim WhereClause: Set WhereClause = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UAContentFilterElement")
    WhereClause.FilterOperator = UAFilterOperator_GreaterThanOrEqual
    WhereClause.FilterOperands.Add Operand1
    WhereClause.FilterOperands.Add Operand2

    Dim EventFilter: Set EventFilter = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAEventFilter")
    Set EventFilter.SelectClauses = UABaseEventObject_AllFields
    Set EventFilter.WhereClause = WhereClause

    Dim ServerNodeId: Set ServerNodeId = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.UANodeId")
    ServerNodeId.StandardName = "Server"

    Dim MonitoringParameters: Set MonitoringParameters = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAMonitoringParameters")
    Set MonitoringParameters.EventFilter = EventFilter
    MonitoringParameters.QueueSize = 1000
    MonitoringParameters.SamplingInterval = 1000

    Dim MonitoredItemArguments: Set MonitoredItemArguments = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel.EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments")
    MonitoredItemArguments.AttributeId = UAAttributeId_EventNotifier
    MonitoredItemArguments.EndpointDescriptor.UrlString = endpointDescriptor
    Set MonitoredItemArguments.MonitoringParameters = MonitoringParameters
    Set MonitoredItemArguments.NodeDescriptor.NodeId = ServerNodeId
    MonitoredItemArguments.State = "firstState"

    Set CreateMonitoredItemArguments1 = MonitoredItemArguments
End Function

Function CreateMonitoredItemArguments2
    ' Event filter: The event comes from a specified source node.
    Dim Operand1: Set Operand1 = UABaseEventObject_Operands_SourceNode
    Dim SourceNodeId: Set SourceNodeId = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.UANodeId")
    SourceNodeId.ExpandedText = "nsu=http://opcfoundation.org/Quickstarts/AlarmCondition ;ns=2;s=1:Metals/SouthMotor"
    Dim Operand2: Set Operand2 = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UALiteralOperand")
    Set Operand2.Value = SourceNodeId
    Dim WhereClause: Set WhereClause = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.Filtering.UAContentFilterElement")
    WhereClause.FilterOperator = UAFilterOperator_Equals
    WhereClause.FilterOperands.Add Operand1
    WhereClause.FilterOperands.Add Operand2

    Dim EventFilter: Set EventFilter = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAEventFilter")
    Set EventFilter.SelectClauses = UABaseEventObject_AllFields
    Set EventFilter.WhereClause = WhereClause

    Dim ServerNodeId: Set ServerNodeId = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace.UANodeId")
    ServerNodeId.StandardName = "Server"

    Dim MonitoringParameters: Set MonitoringParameters = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.UAMonitoringParameters")
    Set MonitoringParameters.EventFilter = EventFilter
    MonitoringParameters.QueueSize = 1000
    MonitoringParameters.SamplingInterval = 2000

    Dim MonitoredItemArguments: Set MonitoredItemArguments = CreateObject("OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel.EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments")
    MonitoredItemArguments.AttributeId = UAAttributeId_EventNotifier
    MonitoredItemArguments.EndpointDescriptor.UrlString = endpointDescriptor
    Set MonitoredItemArguments.MonitoringParameters = MonitoringParameters
    Set MonitoredItemArguments.NodeDescriptor.NodeId = ServerNodeId
    MonitoredItemArguments.State = "secondState"

    Set CreateMonitoredItemArguments2 = MonitoredItemArguments
End Function

Sub Client_EventNotification(Sender, e)
    ' Display the event
    WScript.Echo e
End Sub



' Example output (truncated):
'Subscribing...
'Processing monitored item changed events for 30 seconds...
'[firstState] Success
'[secondState] Success
'[firstState] Success; Refresh; RefreshInitiated
'[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:13 PM
'[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:17 PM
'[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [NorthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:02 PM
'[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [NorthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:16 PM
'[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 700! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:21 PM
'[firstState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:03 PM
'[firstState] Success; Refresh; RefreshComplete
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:08 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:08 PM
'[secondState] Success; Refresh; RefreshInitiated
'[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The dialog was activated" @9/10/2019 8:08:25 PM
'[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm is active." @11/8/2019 7:48:07 PM
'[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 700! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:21 PM
'[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 500! "The alarm was acknoweledged." @10/14/2019 4:00:03 PM
'[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm severity has increased." @9/10/2019 8:09:02 PM
'[secondState] Success; Refresh; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 100! "The alarm severity has increased." @9/10/2019 8:09:59 PM
'[secondState] Success; Refresh; RefreshComplete
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:09 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:09 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:10 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:10 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:11 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:11 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:12 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:12 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [EastTank] 500! "The alarm severity has increased." @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:13 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:14 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:14 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:15 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:15 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:16 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:16 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:17 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:17 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Raising Events" @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
'[firstState] Success; (10 field results) [Internal] 500! "Events Raised" @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
'[secondState] Success; (10 field results) [SouthMotor] 300! "The alarm severity has increased." @11/8/2019 7:48:18 PM
'...
// This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items
// and display each change, identifying the different subscriptions by an
// integer.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel;

namespace UADocExamples._EasyUAClient
{
    partial class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
    {
        public static void StateAsInteger()
        {
            UAEndpointDescriptor endpointDescriptor =
                "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer";
            // or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
            // or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"
            
            // Instantiate the client object and hook events.
            var client = new EasyUAClient();
            client.DataChangeNotification += ClientOnDataChangeNotification_StateAsInteger;

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...");
            int[] handleArray = client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(new[]
                {
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845", 1000)
                        {State = 1},    // An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853", 1000)
                        {State = 2},    // An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855", 1000)
                        {State = 3}     // An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
                });

            for (int i = 0; i < handleArray.Length; i++)
                Console.WriteLine($"handleArray[{i}]: {handleArray[i]}");

            Console.WriteLine("Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds...");
            Thread.Sleep(10 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...");
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems();

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...");
            Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Finished.");
        }

        static void ClientOnDataChangeNotification_StateAsInteger(object sender, EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs eventArgs)
        {
            // Obtain the integer state we have passed in.
            var stateAsInteger = (int) eventArgs.Arguments.State;

            // Display the data.
            if (eventArgs.Succeeded)
                Console.WriteLine($"{stateAsInteger}: {eventArgs.AttributeData}");
            else
                Console.WriteLine($"{stateAsInteger} *** Failure: {eventArgs.ErrorMessageBrief}");
        }
    }
}
# This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items
# and display each change, identifying the different subscriptions by an
# integer.

#requires -Version 5.1
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA
using namespace OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel

# The path below assumes that the current directory is [ProductDir]/Examples-NET/PowerShell/Windows .
Add-Type -Path "../../../Assemblies/net47/OpcLabs.EasyOpcUA.dll"

[UAEndpointDescriptor]$endpointDescriptor =
    "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer"
# or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
# or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"

# Instantiate the client object.
$client = New-Object EasyUAClient

# Data change notification handler
Register-ObjectEvent -InputObject $client -EventName DataChangeNotification -Action { 
    # Obtain the integer state we have passed in.
    [int]$stateAsInteger = $EventArgs.Arguments.State

    # Display the data.
    if ($EventArgs.Succeeded) {
        Write-Host "$($stateAsinteger): $($EventArgs.AttributeData)"
    }
    else {
        Write-Host "$($stateAsinteger) *** Failure: $($EventArgs.ErrorMessageBrief)"
    }
}

Write-Host "Subscribing..."
$handleArray = $client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(@(
    (New-Object UAMonitoredItemArguments(
        (New-Object UAAttributeArguments($endpointDescriptor, [UANodeDescriptor]"nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845")), 
        1000) -Property @{State = 1}), # An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
    (New-Object UAMonitoredItemArguments(
        (New-Object UAAttributeArguments($endpointDescriptor, [UANodeDescriptor]"nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853")), 
        1000) -Property @{State = 2}), # An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
    (New-Object UAMonitoredItemArguments(
        (New-Object UAAttributeArguments($endpointDescriptor, [UANodeDescriptor]"nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855")),
        1000) -Property @{State = 3}) # An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
    ))

for ($i = 0; $i -lt $handleArray.Length; $i++) {
    Write-Host "handleArray[$($i)]: $($handleArray[$i])"
}

Write-Host
Write-Host "Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds..."
$stopwatch =  [System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch]::StartNew() 
while ($stopwatch.Elapsed.TotalSeconds -lt 10) {    
    Start-Sleep -Seconds 1
}

Write-Host "Unsubscribing..."
$client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems()

Write-Host "Waiting for 5 seconds..."
Start-Sleep -Seconds 5

Write-Host "Finished."
Rem This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items
Rem and display each change, identifying the different subscriptions by an
Rem integer.

' The client object, with events
'Public WithEvents Client6 As EasyUAClient

Public Sub SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems_StateAsInteger_Command_Click()
    OutputText = ""

    Set Client6 = New EasyUAClient

    OutputText = OutputText & "Subscribing..." & vbCrLf
    Dim MonitoringParameters As New UAMonitoringParameters
    MonitoringParameters.SamplingInterval = 1000
    
    Dim MonitoredItemArguments1 As New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments
    MonitoredItemArguments1.endpointDescriptor.UrlString = "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer"
    MonitoredItemArguments1.nodeDescriptor.NodeId.expandedText = "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845"
    Set MonitoredItemArguments1.MonitoringParameters = MonitoringParameters
    MonitoredItemArguments1.SetState 1 ' An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
    
    Dim MonitoredItemArguments2 As New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments
    MonitoredItemArguments2.endpointDescriptor.UrlString = "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer"
    MonitoredItemArguments2.nodeDescriptor.NodeId.expandedText = "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853"
    Set MonitoredItemArguments2.MonitoringParameters = MonitoringParameters
    MonitoredItemArguments2.SetState 2 ' An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
    
    Dim MonitoredItemArguments3 As New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments
    MonitoredItemArguments3.endpointDescriptor.UrlString = "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer"
    MonitoredItemArguments3.nodeDescriptor.NodeId.expandedText = "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855"
    Set MonitoredItemArguments3.MonitoringParameters = MonitoringParameters
    MonitoredItemArguments3.SetState 3 ' An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription
    
    Dim arguments(2) As Variant
    Set arguments(0) = MonitoredItemArguments1
    Set arguments(1) = MonitoredItemArguments2
    Set arguments(2) = MonitoredItemArguments3
    Dim handleArray As Variant
    handleArray = Client6.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(arguments)

    Dim i As Long: For i = LBound(handleArray) To UBound(handleArray)
        OutputText = OutputText & "handleArray(" & i & "): " & handleArray(i) & vbCrLf
    Next

    OutputText = OutputText & "Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds..." & vbCrLf
    Pause 10000

    OutputText = OutputText & "Unsubscribing..." & vbCrLf
    Call Client6.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems

    OutputText = OutputText & "Waiting for 5 seconds..." & vbCrLf
    Pause 5000

    Set Client2 = Nothing
    OutputText = OutputText & "Finished." & vbCrLf
End Sub

Public Sub Client6_DataChangeNotification(ByVal sender As Variant, ByVal eventArgs As EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs)
    ' Obtain the integer state we have passed in.
    Dim stateAsInteger As Integer: stateAsInteger = eventArgs.arguments.State
    If eventArgs.Succeeded Then
        OutputText = OutputText & stateAsInteger & ": " & eventArgs.AttributeData & vbCrLf
    Else
        OutputText = OutputText & stateAsInteger & " *** Failure: " & eventArgs.ErrorMessageBrief & vbCrLf
    End If
End Sub
' This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items
' and display each change, identifying the different subscriptions by an
' integer.

Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel

Namespace UADocExamples._EasyUAClient
    Partial Friend Class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
        Public Shared Sub StateAsInteger()

            ' Define which server we will work with.
            Dim endpointDescriptor As UAEndpointDescriptor =
                    "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer"
            ' or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
            ' or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"

            ' Instantiate the client object and hook events
            Dim client = New EasyUAClient()
            AddHandler client.DataChangeNotification, AddressOf ClientOnDataChangeNotification_StateAsInteger

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...")
            Dim handleArray() As Integer = client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments() _
                { _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, _
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845", 1000) _
                         With {.State = 1}, _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, _
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853", 1000) _
                         With {.State = 2}, _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, _
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855", 1000) _
                        With {.State = 3} _
                } _
             ) ' An integer we have chosen to identify the subscription

            For i As Integer = 0 To handleArray.Length - 1
                Console.WriteLine("handleArray[{0}]: {1}", i, handleArray(i))
            Next i

            Console.WriteLine("Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(10 * 1000)

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...")
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems()

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000)

            Console.WriteLine("Finished.")
        End Sub

        Private Shared Sub ClientOnDataChangeNotification_StateAsInteger(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal eventArgs As EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs)
            ' Obtain the integer state we have passed in.
            Dim stateAsInteger As Integer = CInt(eventArgs.Arguments.State)

            ' Display the data
            If eventArgs.Succeeded Then
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", stateAsInteger, eventArgs.AttributeData)
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("{0} *** Failure: {1}", stateAsInteger, eventArgs.ErrorMessageBrief)
            End If
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace
// This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items
// and display each change, identifying the different subscriptions by an
// object.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel;

namespace UADocExamples._EasyUAClient
{
    partial class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
    {
        class CustomObject
        {
            public CustomObject(string name)
            {
                Name = name;
            }

            public string Name { get; }
        }
        

        public static void StateAsObject()
        {
            UAEndpointDescriptor endpointDescriptor =
                "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer";
            // or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
            // or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"

            // Instantiate the client object and hook events
            var client = new EasyUAClient();
            client.DataChangeNotification += ClientOnDataChangeNotification_StateAsObject;

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...");
            int[] handleArray = client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(new[]
                {
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845", 1000)
                        {State = new CustomObject("First")},    // A custom object that corresponds to the subscription
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853", 1000)
                        {State = new CustomObject("Second")},    // A custom object that corresponds to the subscription
                    new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, 
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855", 1000)
                        {State = new CustomObject("Third")},    // A custom object that corresponds to the subscription
                });

            for (int i = 0; i < handleArray.Length; i++)
                Console.WriteLine($"handleArray[{i}]: {handleArray[i]}");

            Console.WriteLine("Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds...");
            Thread.Sleep(10 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...");
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems();

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...");
            Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Finished.");
        }

        static void ClientOnDataChangeNotification_StateAsObject(object sender, EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs eventArgs)
        {
            // Obtain the custom object we have passed in.
            var stateAsObject = (CustomObject) eventArgs.Arguments.State;

            // Display the data
            if (eventArgs.Succeeded)
                Console.WriteLine($"{stateAsObject.Name}: {eventArgs.AttributeData}");
            else
                Console.WriteLine($"{stateAsObject.Name} *** Failure: {eventArgs.ErrorMessageBrief}");
        }
    }
}
' This example shows how to subscribe to changes of multiple monitored items
' and display each change, identifying the different subscriptions by an
' object.

Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel

Namespace UADocExamples._EasyUAClient
    Partial Friend Class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
        Class CustomObject
            Public Sub New(ByVal name As String)
                _Name = name
            End Sub
            Public ReadOnly Property Name As String
                Get
                    Return _Name
                End Get
            End Property
            Private ReadOnly _Name As String
        End Class

        Public Shared Sub StateAsObject()

            ' Define which server we will work with.
            Dim endpointDescriptor As UAEndpointDescriptor =
                    "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer"
            ' or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
            ' or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"

            ' Instantiate the client object and hook events
            Dim client = New EasyUAClient()
            AddHandler client.DataChangeNotification, AddressOf ClientOnDataChangeNotification_StateAsObject

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...")
            Dim handleArray() As Integer = client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments() _
                { _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, _
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10845", 1000) _
                         With {.State = New CustomObject("First")}, _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, _
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10853", 1000) _
                         With {.State = New CustomObject("Second")}, _
                    New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, _
                        "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;i=10855", 1000) _
                        With {.State = New CustomObject("Third")} _
                } _
            ) ' A custom object that corresponds to the subscription

            For i As Integer = 0 To handleArray.Length - 1
                Console.WriteLine("handleArray[{0}]: {1}", i, handleArray(i))
            Next i

            Console.WriteLine("Processing monitored item changed events for 10 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(10 * 1000)

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...")
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems()

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000)

            Console.WriteLine("Finished.")
        End Sub

        Private Shared Sub ClientOnDataChangeNotification_StateAsObject(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal eventArgs As EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs)
            ' Obtain the custom object we have passed in.
            Dim stateAsObject As CustomObject = CType(eventArgs.Arguments.State, CustomObject)

            ' Display the data
            If eventArgs.Succeeded Then
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", stateAsObject.Name, eventArgs.AttributeData)
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("{0} *** Failure: {1}", stateAsObject.Name, eventArgs.ErrorMessageBrief)
            End If
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace
// This example shows how to subscribe to changes of all data variables under a specified object in OPC UA address space.

using System;
using System.Linq;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace;
using OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel;

namespace UADocExamples._EasyUAClient
{
    partial class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
    {
        public static void AllInObject()
        {
            UAEndpointDescriptor endpointDescriptor =
                "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer";
            // or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
            // or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"
            
            // Instantiate the client object and hook events
            var client = new EasyUAClient();
            client.DataChangeNotification += client_DataChangeNotification_AllInObject;

            // Obtain variables under "Scalar" node
            Console.WriteLine("Browsing...");
            UANodeElementCollection nodeElementCollection;
            try
            {
                nodeElementCollection = client.BrowseDataVariables(endpointDescriptor, "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;ns=2;i=10787");
            }
            catch (UAException uaException)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("*** Failure: {0}", uaException.GetBaseException().Message);
                return;
            }

            // Create array with monitored item arguments
            EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments[] monitoredItemArgumentsArray = nodeElementCollection
                .Select(element => new EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(null, endpointDescriptor, element))
                .ToArray();

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...");
            client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(monitoredItemArgumentsArray);

            Console.WriteLine("Processing monitored item changed events for 20 seconds...");
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(20 * 1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...");
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems();

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...");
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000);
        }

        static void client_DataChangeNotification_AllInObject(object sender, EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs e)
        {
            // Display value
            if (e.Succeeded)
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", e.Arguments.NodeDescriptor, e.AttributeData.Value);
            else
                Console.WriteLine("{0} *** Failure: {1}", e.Arguments.NodeDescriptor, e.ErrorMessageBrief);
        }
    }
}
' This example shows how to subscribe to changes of all data variables under a specified object in OPC UA address space.

Imports System.Linq
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.AddressSpace
Imports OpcLabs.EasyOpc.UA.OperationModel

Namespace UADocExamples._EasyUAClient
    Partial Friend Class SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems
        Public Shared Sub AllInObject()

            ' Define which server we will work with.
            Dim endpointDescriptor As UAEndpointDescriptor =
                "opc.tcp://opcua.demo-this.com:51210/UA/SampleServer"
            ' or "http://opcua.demo-this.com:51211/UA/SampleServer" (not in .NET Standard)
            ' or "https://opcua.demo-this.com:51212/UA/SampleServer/"

            ' Instantiate the client object and hook events
            Dim client = New EasyUAClient()
            AddHandler client.DataChangeNotification, AddressOf client_DataChangeNotification_AllInObject

            ' Obtain variables under "Scalar" node
            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...")
            Dim nodeElementCollection As UANodeElementCollection
            Try
                nodeElementCollection = client.BrowseDataVariables(endpointDescriptor, "nsu=http://test.org/UA/Data/ ;ns=2;i=10787")
            Catch uaException As UAException
                Console.WriteLine("*** Failure: {0}", uaException.GetBaseException.Message)
                Exit Sub
            End Try

            ' Create array with monitored item arguments

            Dim monitoredItemArgumentsArray() As EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments = nodeElementCollection.Select(Function(element) New EasyUAMonitoredItemArguments(Nothing, endpointDescriptor, element)).ToArray()

            Console.WriteLine("Subscribing...")
            client.SubscribeMultipleMonitoredItems(monitoredItemArgumentsArray)

            Console.WriteLine("Processing monitored item changed events for 20 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(20 * 1000)

            Console.WriteLine("Unsubscribing...")
            client.UnsubscribeAllMonitoredItems()

            Console.WriteLine("Waiting for 5 seconds...")
            Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000)
        End Sub

        Private Shared Sub client_DataChangeNotification_AllInObject(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EasyUADataChangeNotificationEventArgs)
            ' Display value
            If e.Succeeded Then
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", e.Arguments.NodeDescriptor, e.AttributeData.Value)
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("{0} *** Failure: {1}", e.Arguments.NodeDescriptor, e.ErrorMessageBrief)
            End If
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace
Requirements

Target Platforms: .NET Framework: Windows 10, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2016; .NET Core, .NET 5: Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows

See Also

Reference

IEasyUAClient Interface
IEasyUAClient Members